He used a doll to prove his point.
He placed a crayon box filled with candles on the table in front of the child. He then asked the child what was in the box. Of course the child answered crayons.
Then the psychologist opened the box to show the child that the box contained not crayons but candles. Making the child very surprised.
Then he closed the box and brought a doll up from under the table. He would ask the child what the doll thought was in the box and the child would say candles. That was supposed to prove that children at that maturity level don’t feel independent and think that whatever they know and whatever they think is known by everybody.
I thought that my son was pretty mature at 2 or 3, I don’t remember his exact age now. I know he was of the age that the psychologist said children hadn’t matured enough to feel independent; they thought their thoughts were the thoughts of everyone.
I proceeded with the same experiment. When I brought the doll up from under the table and asked my son what he thought the doll thought was in the box he said candles, just like the other child. I was surprised, but I did one thing the psychologist didn’t. I asked my son why he thought the doll would think there were candles in the crayon box.
He said, “Because the doll was under the table and could hear everything we said.”
Leading me to conclude that researchers often stop at answers they want or don’t ask enough questions.
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