Does the historical record support or contradict the following hypothesis: A strong factor for centralization of power in a state is foreign pressure?

One of the main functions of a state is defense, and I think it’s reasonable to think that if a state faces a strong foreign threat, that would lead to centralization, and the government would be strengthened and assume more power (of course, that assume the state in question doesn’t collapse/get conquered from the pressure). Conversely, a time of prolonged peace would lead to fragmentation and weaker governments.

I’ve seen some evidence for this idea in Walter Scheidel’s books, The Fall of Rome, and The Great Leveler. But I wonder to what extend is it a consistent trend in history? How much of centralization was actually driven by outside pressure vs other factors?

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What do you think?

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