TIL Philippe Pétain, the commander of the French army from 1917 until 1940, was made prime minister a few days before France fell in 1940. Once Vichy France was created, he became head of state and collaborated with the Axis. After WWII, he was spared death because of his WWI service to the country.

Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippe_P%C3%A9tain

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