TIL that back in Roman times they used to celebrate the new year in the month of the first harvest after winter, which was March. That makes March the first month of the year, and Sept Oct Nov and Dec indeed the 7th, 8th, 9th and 10th months.

Read more: https://www.infoplease.com/culture-entertainment/holidays/history-new-year#:~:text=The%20early%20Roman%20calendar%20designated,the%20names%20of%20the%20months.

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  1. And… The time between December and March wasn’t really tracked, but you know by the season/sun when March is coming. Eventually they realized a need for keeping track of time through the winter, so they added January and February, but the lunar months and the solar year don’t square well, so the would be some slop time, a buffer between February and March called *intercalarius*, which used to be the whole winter but was now just a bit of time that the priests could lengthen or shorten to fix the dates to make sense.

    When Caesar took over, he instituted a more regular calendar using principles devised in Alexandria, which reduced the need for intercalarius down to one day every four years. That’s why leap day is at the end of February.

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