TIL Winfield Scott developed the Anaconda Plan, capture the Mississippi River and blockade Southern ports, but it was derided by most Northern newspapers and Scott eventually left Lincoln’s administration. Ultimately Grant used a strategy similar to Scott’s Anaconda Plan to win the Civil War.

Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winfield_Scott

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  1. The title is a bit too simplified for my liking, there were a lot of complex political and military reasons behind Scott leaving, not just attacks from the media. Feel free to just read the bold sections,

    >Scott took charge of molding Union military personnel into a cohesive fighting force.[183] Lincoln rejected Scott’s proposal to build up the regular army,[j] and the administration would largely rely on volunteers to fight the war.[185] **Scott developed a strategy, later known as the Anaconda Plan, that called for the capture of the Mississippi River and a blockade of Southern ports. By cutting off the eastern states of the Confederacy, Scott hoped to force the surrender of Confederate forces with a minimal loss of life on both sides. Scott’s plan was leaked to the public, and was derided by most Northern newspapers, which tended to favor an immediate assault on the Confederacy.**[186] As Scott was too old for battlefield command, Lincoln selected General Irvin McDowell, an officer whom Scott saw as unimaginative and inexperienced, to lead the main Union army in the eastern theater of the war.[187] Though Scott counseled that the army needed more time to train, Lincoln ordered an offensive against the Confederate capital of Richmond. Irvin McDowell led a force of 30,000 men south, where he met the Confederate Army at the First Battle of Bull Run. The Confederate army dealt the Union a major defeat, ending any hope of a quick end to the war.[188]

    >**McDowell took the brunt of public vituperation for the defeat at Bull Run, but Scott, who had helped plan the battle, also received criticism.[189] Lincoln replaced McDowell with McClellan, and the president began meeting with McClellan without Scott in attendance.[190] Frustrated with his diminished standing, Scott submitted his resignation in October 1861.** Though Scott favored General Henry Halleck as his successor, Lincoln instead made McClellan the army’s senior officer.[191]

    >>Retirement and death

    >Scott was very heavy in his last years of service, and was unable to mount a horse or walk more than a few paces without stopping to rest.[192] He was often in ill health, and suffered from gout, dropsy, rheumatism, and vertigo.[192] After retiring, he traveled to Europe with his daughter, Cornelia, and her husband, H. L. Scott. In Paris, he worked with Thurlow Weed to aid American consul John Bigelow in defusing the Trent Affair, a diplomatic incident with Britain.[193] On his return from Europe in December 1861, he lived alone in New York City and at West Point, New York, where he wrote his memoirs and closely followed the ongoing civil war. After McClellan’s defeat in the Seven Days Battles, Lincoln accepted Scott’s advice and appointed General Halleck as the army’s senior general. **In 1864, Scott sent a copy of his newly published memoirs to Ulysses S. Grant, who had succeeded Halleck as the lead Union general. The copy that Scott sent was inscribed, “from the oldest to the greatest general.”[194] Following a strategy similar to Scott’s Anaconda Plan, Grant led the Union to victory, and Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia surrendered in April 1865.**[195]

  2. The Confederate ports were blockaded from almost April 19, 1861 and was pretty successful in ruining the Confederate economy because they could not export their cotton and import only limited amounts of essential goods, weapons and munition.

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